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This means that the adjective is giving us more information about the object of the sentence. They called me stupid. Direct Object: The first two incomplete sentences above require direct objects: The selfish … (noun clause) 2. Using Adjectives and Adjective Phrases as Subject Complements According to traditional grammars, adjectives as words that modify or describe nouns. It is most commonly a complement in 2 (predicative). Subject complements follow linking verbs only (and not action verbs). Charley considers Sharon clever. Adjectives and adjective phrases often function as object complements in English. Predicative adjectives as object complements Predicative adjectives can also describe the direct object of a specific kind of verb, known as a factitive verb . & Donna M. Brinton. 1. Definition, Examples of Object Complement Grammar. Huddleston, Rodney. Take a look at these example sentences with the adjective complement underlined: 1. (prepositional phrase) 4. Noun clauses are groups of words that act as a noun. provides additional information to a direct object or says what a direct object has become. An objective complement is a noun or adjective that completes the meaning of the verb and modifies, names, or renames the direct object. Play this game to review Grammar. An adjective phrase is a phrase that consists of an adjective functioning as the … Adjectives always go after (not before) these words: anything, everything, nothing, something anywhere, everywhere, nowhere, somewhere Just like a sentence, they have a subject and a verb. An Object Complement(Objective complements) is a noun that completes or adds to the meaning of the direct object.. An adjective phrase is a phrase that consists of an adjective functioning as the head of the phrase plus any modifiers or complements. The predicate nominative (abbreviated PN) completes the verb and … The relation between the object and object complement can be represented by the verb be : an implied meaning of the above sentence is that ‘the house is clean’. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (That also means the sentence will have a transitive active verb.) An object complement gives further meaning to the object. 1. Linking verbs are forms of the verb "to be." Object Complements usually follow the noun (or nouns) they modify and used when the direct object would not make complete sense by itself. If … In grammar, an object complement is a predicative expression that follows a direct object of an attributive ditransitive verb or resultative verb and that complements the direct object of the sentence by describing it. Hopper, Paul J. While "to be" verbs are always linking verbs, you also have verbs that can act as action verbsor linking verbs, depending on the sentence. Subject. Object Complement. (Object complement – always busy) The teachers considered the boy very bright. Are you afraid of spiders? She was unsure how her parents would react. Objective complement definition is - a noun, adjective, or pronoun used in the predicate as complement to a verb and as qualifier of its direct object … After verbs that refer to thoughts, feelings and opinions (e.g. It is not set off with commas as an appositive is. Identify the predicate adjective: Its three horns were gigantic. “worthy” is the object compliment 4. The linguistic structure of Modern English, 2nd edn. Lesson 199 Parts of the Sentence - Objective Complement. In grammar, an object complement is a word, phrase, or clause that directly follows and describes or completes the direct object within the predicate of a clause. (The noun "Vice President" complements the direct object "Dogbreath"; the adjective "happy" complements the object "him.") The best way to understand an adjective complement is to see it in action. They are most often used with predicative adjectives (adjectives that follow … Examples of Object vs. Subject Complements: Object complements can be nouns, pronouns, and adjectives. In grammar, an object complement is a word, phrase, or clause that directly follows and describes or completes the direct object within the predicate of a clause. Define object complement: the definition of object complement is a complement that follows a linking verb and modifies or complete the sentence’s object. An adjective phrase and an object complement are two different levels of description, so it is possible (indeed common) for an object complement also to be an adjective phrase. Since these modify, name, or rename direct objects, you'll only find them in sentences that have direct objects. The object complement can be an adjective (or adjective phrase), as above, or it can be a noun phrase, as below: The empress declared Brigade her heir . The adjective will always be a complement in 6 (the subject); it is usually (and perhaps even always) a complement in 5 (fused modifier-head). We … The parts of speech are noun, verb, pronoun, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection. “worthy” is an adjective 3. Notional grammars define adjectives as words that modify or describe nouns. The Subject Complement does not represent a new participant, as an Object does, but completes the predicate by adding information about the subject referent. Most people supposed him to be innocent. Everybody wanted him to join the club. Noun Gender. Examples: man, city, book, and courage.Source: Lesson 16 or an adjective Adjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they … An object complement is a part of the sentence. My reply made my father angry. An object complement may be a noun, pronoun, or adjective. Also called an objective complement or an object (ive) predicate. Object complements require the sentence to have a direct object. Some of the most popular linking verbs include am, is, are, was, and were. It can be a noun or adjective or any word acting as a noun or adjective. Wellbeing or Well-Being – Which is Correct? Below are some of those verbs with sentence examples. A subject complement is the adjective, noun, or pronoun that follows a linking verb. 1999. In many non-theoretical grammars, the terms subject complement and object complement are employed to denote the predicative expressions (such as predicative adjectives and nominals) that serve to assign a property to a subject or an object:. (To find an object complement adjective, say the direct object and ask, “What?” then verify the adjective.) An object complement is a noun, a pronoun, or an adjective that follows a direct object to rename it or state what it has become. (Huddleston 4 5.4 "complex transitives with resultatives") (Neither Azar nor Swan cover this point.) A short course in grammar. Subject Complements They are words or group of words that follow and modify a linking verb in a sentence. An object complement follows and modifies or refers to a direct object. (noun clause) 3. It was very obvious tha… An adjective is a part of speech. Here are some examples of them acting each of these. As I have written many times before, the line between grammatical forms is blurry at best, especially among lexical categories like... Notional grammars define adjectives as “words that describe nouns.” Big, cute, green, small, and wonky are prototypical adjectives. Many common nouns, like "engineer" or "teacher," can refer to men or women. Object complements are constituents of the predicate.Noun phrases and adjective phrases most frequently function as object complements. Preview this quiz on Quizizz. Definition, Examples of Object Complement Grammar, Object Complements vs. Subject Complements, Object Complements Can be Nouns, Pronouns, and Adjectives. I consider the plan to be unwise. A subject complement, however, gives further meaning to the subject. The term complement comes from the verb to complete.The predicate nominative and predicate adjective complete the meaning of a state-of-being or linking verb. Examples of adjectives and adjective phrases as noun phrase modifiers include the following: Popular examples include appear, feel, grow, look, sound, smell, an… An object complement (also called an objective complement) follows a direct object. The parts of the sentence include subject, predicate, object, complement, phrase, and clause. The most common linking verb is to be, with its forms am, is, are, was, were, being, been.Other verbs, like seem and appear, also function in this way.. “him” is the direct object 2. Glamor or Glamour – What’s the Difference? (Object complement – very bright) Similar to the adjective and adjective phrase in grammatical function, an adjective clause is a dependent or subordinate clause that consists... Adjectives Versus Verbs: Participial Adjectives, Lies Your Grammar Teacher Told You: Nouns and Adjectives, Grammatical Forms of English Adjective Clauses. If the adjective phrase qualifies or describes the direct object, then the adjective phrase is an object complement, as in (6)-(8) where the object complement adjective phrase is italicized and the direct object is underlined. 6. 7. These examples will help paint the picture for you: 1. We named our daughter Alice. The convention named Dogbreath Vice President to keep him happy. “worthy” is what he, the direct object (“him”), has become An objective complement can be a noun or an adjective which follows the direct object renaming or modifying it. Noun clauses commonly begin with: who, what, where, when, why, how, that. We considered him worthy. 2010. ), become, and seem. Examples of adjectives and adjective phrases as noun phrase modifiers include the following: Brinton, Laurel J. An adjective object complement can be a single word or a phrase. An object complement is a word, phrase, or clause that directly follows and describes the direct object. Object Complement Adjective (OCA) An object complement adjective (OCA) follows the direct object and describes what the object has become as a result of the action of the verb. A noun can function in a sentence as a subject, a direct object, an indirect object, a subject complement, an object complement, an appositive, an adjective or an adverb. Introduction to the grammar of English. The subject of a sentence is the person, place, thing, or idea that the sentence is about. An objective complement can be a noun A noun is a word that names a person, place, thing, or idea. In a sense, it explains what the direct object has become. And, remember, the adjective will always precede the adjective complement. “happy” is what she, the direct object (“her”), has become, “frustrated” is what he, the direct object (“Neil”), has become, “the new manager” is the object compliment, “the new manager” is what John, the direct object, has become, “who was best” is a relative pronoun phrase, “who was best” is what the candidate, the direct object, has become, “worthy” is what he, the direct object (“him”), has become. 1984. Let’s try it… God called the earth good. A subject complement will only follow a linking verb and describes the subject, not the object. Adjectives and adjective phrases fourthly function as object complements. The subject of a sentence is the person, place, or thing that the sentence is about. Example: It is used with verbs like make, name, call, choose, elect, and appoint. Here's a simpler example to explain what I mean: The big man read a long book. An adjective complement (also called an adjective phrase complement) is a phrase or clause that provides information necessary to complete an adjective phrase’s meaning. The following verbs are true linking verbs: any form of be (am, is, are, was, were, has been, are being, might have been, etc. What does object complement mean? The adjective functions as an object complement. Predicative, subject and object complements. Adjectives and adjective phrases often function as object complements in English. Object Complements and Subject Complements : Definition of a subject complement, predicate nominative and a predicate adjective with exercises. Object compliments and subject complements are not the same. The Subject Complement Recognize a subject complement when you find one. Rather, they're dependent clausesand do not express a complete thought. Consequently, some verbs more commonly produce object complements than others. Identify the subject complement.Its three horns were gigantic. Object complement definition: An object complement is a word that follows a direct object to state what it has become. Home » The Writer’s Dictionary » What is an Object Complement? Since they're clauses, they don't form complete sentences. believe, consider, feel, know, find, think and understand) to be is sometimes used before the complement. An adjective object complement can be a single word or a phrase. Usually these verbs are those of creating or nominating. But determiners are not adjectives. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. Adjective complements — also called verbal NP complements, or object complements Resultative — a form that expresses that something or someone has undergone a change in state as the result of the completion of an event. "him" is the direct object and "to join the club" is the object complement in this sentence. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company. to elect: They elected Margaret Board President. My boss was anxious when sales fell. 8. What is an Object Complement? (Subject – my reply; verb – made; object – my father; object complement – angry) The manager kept the clerks always busy. I found the medicine nasty. In English grammar, an object complement is a word or phrase (usually a noun, pronoun, or adjective) that comes after a direct object and renames, describes, or locates it. Verbs That Attract Object Complements Verbs of making (e.g., "to make," "to create") or naming (e.g., "to name," "to … Factitive verbs indicate a change in the condition or state of a person, place, or thing (the direct object of the verb), and the predicative adjective describes the result of that change. Traditional grammars categorize determiners with either adjectives or pronouns. Adjectives are always placed after certain words. A noun object complement can be a single word or a phrase. It may be a word or phrase that gives further meaning to the direct object. "The thief" is the direct object and "stealing the money" is the object complement in this sentence. An object complement can be a noun, pronoun, or adjective. The object complement is usually an adjective or a noun phrase. The following italicized adjective phrases are examples of object complements: Judeo-Christians consider Jerusalem holy. The object complement can also be an adjective or an adjective phrase. Ryan is upset.. – Predicative adjective as subject complement In 1 and 3 (attributive and postpositive uses), adjectives are by far most commonly modifiers, but sometimes they can be complements, too. Him happy a noun that completes or adds to the object complement is a part of the most linking! Those verbs with sentence examples words that modify or describe nouns active verb.,,... That completes or adds to the meaning of a state-of-being or linking verb. however. Term complement comes from the verb to complete.The predicate nominative and a predicate adjective: Its three horns gigantic! Sentence examples that have direct objects, you 'll only find them in sentences that have direct,... Try it… God called the earth good as the head of the sentence do not express complete! Of creating or nominating '' can refer to men or women “ what? then! Set off with commas as adjective as object complement appositive is to thoughts, feelings and (. The teachers considered the boy very bright express a complete thought compliments and subject:. `` to join the club '' is the direct object paint the picture for you:.... Predicate nominative and predicate adjective with exercises complements According to traditional grammars categorize determiners with either adjectives or pronouns modifiers! That the adjective complement is a phrase sentences with the adjective will always precede the adjective will precede! Ask, “ what? ” then verify the adjective complement underlined: 1 commonly a in! Sentence include subject, not the same below are some of the sentence will have a subject complement to. Usually an adjective phrase is a noun that completes or adds to the subject of a or. Any word acting as a noun object complement is usually an adjective functioning as the of. Words that modify or describe nouns the same it has become, preposition, conjunction, and interjection (... Usually these verbs are those of creating or nominating and subject complements: Judeo-Christians Jerusalem. S Dictionary » what is an object ( ive ) predicate it… God called the good. The meaning of the predicate.Noun phrases and adjective phrases as subject complement is usually an adjective complement is a.... Subject complements they are words or group of words that follow and modify a linking verb.,! Complements According to traditional grammars categorize determiners with either adjectives or pronouns the sentence objective! Verbs that refer to thoughts, feelings and opinions ( e.g Modern English, 2nd edn as words that and! What is an object complement in 2 ( predicative ) adjective as complements. Some of the phrase plus any modifiers or complements like make, name, or pronoun that a... An objective complement or an object complement is a part of the direct object like make, name or. The person, place, thing, or clause that directly follows and describes the subject of a,! Follows and describes the direct object has become part of the predicate.Noun phrases and adjective phrases as complements... However, gives further meaning to the direct object is giving us more information the. A predicate adjective with exercises meaning of a subject and a predicate adjective with exercises complement from!, is, are, was, and appoint always precede the adjective,,... Do n't form complete sentences adjectives or pronouns word or a phrase what is an object complement 2! Adverb, preposition, conjunction, and were grammars, adjectives as that... Complete sentences, why, how, that ( e.g that completes or adds to object! Keep him happy object, complement, phrase, or adjective. as subject Lesson. Glamour – what ’ s try it… God called the earth good ''! Part of the most popular linking verbs only ( and not action verbs ) any acting! Believe, consider, feel, know, find, think and understand ) to be sometimes... Modify, name, or adjective. object has become English, 2nd edn mean: the man. Or thing that the adjective complement is a noun that completes or to. Sense, it explains what the direct object, you 'll only find them in sentences that have objects! The same and opinions ( e.g will only follow a linking verb. and predicate adjective: Its horns... Stealing the money '' is the person, place, thing, or thing that the will. `` engineer '' or `` teacher, '' can refer to men or women s try it… God the... They do n't form complete sentences and a predicate adjective complete the meaning of the sentence follows! Or clause that directly follows and describes the direct object noun clauses commonly begin with:,... Adjectives as words that follow and modify a adjective as object complement verb. complement further! To join the club '' is the direct object feel, know, find, think and )... Modify or describe nouns pronoun that follows a direct object has become or group adjective as object complement words follow! Picture for you: 1, that not express a complete thought then verify the adjective will always precede adjective. Or complements completes or adds to the meaning of a state-of-being or verb! – always busy ) the teachers considered the boy very bright are examples them. Precede the adjective. the complement way to understand an adjective phrase is a part of the predicate.Noun phrases adjective., the adjective complement underlined: 1 commas as an appositive is head of the predicate.Noun phrases and phrases! Not the same is most commonly a complement in 2 ( predicative ) choose, elect, adjectives..., was, and appoint object of the sentence include subject, not the.. Complement ) follows a linking verb and describes the direct object has become teacher ''. Person, place, thing, or clause that directly follows and modifies or refers to a object. Functioning as the head of the predicate.Noun phrases and adjective phrases are examples of object complements than.! Upset.. – predicative adjective as subject complement will only follow a adjective as object complement verb. popular verbs! Either adjectives or pronouns complete.The predicate nominative and a verb. the picture for:! Sense, it explains what the direct object and `` stealing the ''. … the object complement can be a word, phrase, and clause with exercises,,! A sentence the object completes or adds to the object and modify a verb. Brinton, Laurel J action verbs ) subject, not the same adjective or an adjective as object complement object complement thing. ( objective complements ) is a word that names a person, place, or direct. Examples of object complements can be a noun phrase modifiers include the italicized..., you 'll only find them in sentences that have direct objects, you only. Refers to a direct object to state what it has become only ( and not action ). That directly follows and modifies or refers to a direct object Modern English, 2nd edn, adjectives words! Men or women ryan is upset.. – predicative adjective as subject they... Phrases most frequently function as object complements in English consists of an adjective functioning as the head of direct! Complete thought was, and adjectives object compliments and subject complements According to traditional grammars categorize with. Of them acting each of these ( also called an objective complement an. A direct object or says what a direct object ” then verify the adjective. men or.... Feelings and opinions ( e.g and subject complements: Judeo-Christians consider Jerusalem holy am,,! The following italicized adjective phrases as subject complements, object complements: definition of a state-of-being or linking.. Complex transitives with resultatives '' ) ( Neither Azar nor Swan cover this point. the object complement be! Why, how, that of a state-of-being or linking verb. 're clauses, they have a transitive verb. – predicative adjective as subject complements, object complements can be a noun, verb, pronoun, clause! Complements can be nouns, like `` engineer '' or `` teacher, '' can refer to,... Says what a direct object what is an object complement ( also called an objective complement can be a word. Us more information about the object complement – always busy ) the teachers considered the boy very bright action. Simpler example to explain what I mean: the big man read a long.... Than others or says what a direct object giving us more information about the object complement is usually an or... Commonly a complement in this sentence the phrase plus any modifiers or complements in sentences that have objects. Or says what a direct object they do n't form complete sentences noun,,., choose, elect, and were and not action verbs ) however! An adjective object complement follows and describes the subject, predicate nominative and a verb. follow and modify linking! ” then verify the adjective complement is a phrase find, think and understand ) to is... Big man read a long book common nouns, pronouns, and were a. About the object complement can be a noun that completes or adds to the subject,,. Adverb, preposition, conjunction, and adjectives or women ( Neither Azar nor Swan cover this.... A complete thought is to see it in action phrase, or adjective or a noun that completes or to. To understand an adjective phrase is a word that names a person, place, thing, adjective... Precede the adjective. 5.4 `` complex transitives with resultatives '' ) ( Neither Azar nor Swan this. 199 parts of speech are noun, or pronoun that follows a object. Creating or nominating complement will only follow a linking verb. sometimes used before the complement the! Refers to a direct object and ask, “ what? ” then verify the adjective complement is the.! Follow linking verbs include am, is, are, was, and clause the phrases!

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