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Kindly Share This Story: A World Bank Official, Dr Khama Rogo has described Africa … The disease is caused by high numbers of Listeria monocytogenes, a bacterium found in soil, water, plants and animal feces, which usually spreads to humans through contaminated food. [1] Gauteng was the province with the most cases, 58%, followed by Western Cape with about 13%. The 2013–2016 West Africa Ebola virus disease pandemic was the largest, longest, deadliest, and most geographically expansive outbreak in the 40-year interval since Ebola was first identified. However, the Chinese government is closely monitoring the outbreak and taking prevention measures and scientists are working on a vaccine to prevent the disease entirely. Kenya was also put on high alert, because one of the people in Uganda had traveled to Kenya prior to his death. According to the WHO, only 1 in 5 people with the Lassa virus will develop severe disease, and about 80% of people who are infected have no symptoms. In July, there was an outbreak reported in Sri Lanka which included 80,732 cases and 215 deaths, which was significantly higher than in past years. Cholera epidemics have been a problem throughout history, but this year there were several outbreaks that sparked global concern. It is the world's worst ever listeriosis outbreak. Since 2012 there have been 2,103 cases and at least 733 deaths reported in 27 countries (including the US) — but most cases occurred in Saudi Arabia. When traveling to countries where Chikungunya is prevalent, you should protect yourself by preventing mosquito bites. Para saber mais sobre nossa política de cookies, acesse link. Mosquito bites are never fun, but they can be dangerous in some parts of the world. The outbreaks of MERS-CoV have not resulted in any travel restrictions to the Arabian Peninsula, but the CDC recommends that travelers use caution to prevent infection. Treatment involves both antibiotics and antitoxins, and the case mortality rate is 5–10%. So you've probably heard of this this deadly disease and you might be terrified to hear that it's back. In July, there was an outbreak reported in Sri Lanka which included 80,732 cases and 215 deaths, which was significantly higher than past years. These include avoiding close contact with sick people and washing their hands. Fayez Nureldine / AFP / Getty Images / Via. Esses Cookies nos permitem coletar alguns dados pessoais sobre você, como sua ID exclusiva atribuída ao seu dispositivo, endereço de IP, tipo de dispositivo e navegador, conteúdos visualizados ou outras ações realizadas usando nossos serviços, país e idioma selecionados, entre outros. 2017 May 26;17(1):367. doi: 10.1186/s12879-017-2443-4. Plague is an infectious disease found in some small mammals and their fleas. 10 Disease Outbreaks From 2017 That Everyone Should Know About 1. Some of them were disease outbreaks — including the plague (yes, the plague). The plague broke out in Madagascar.. Africa is the most disease prone continent – World Bank. DRC Ebola outbreak: Lessons from West Africa. The Marburg virus disease (MVD) is a rare and deadly condition. The WHO is teaming up with health officials in Nigeria to deliver emergency aid and control the outbreak. In May, the Ministry of Health in Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) confirmed a dengue outbreak in the capital of Abidjan which included 623 cases and two deaths. Earlier in the year, there were additional cases in the neighboring countries of Benin, Togo, and Burkina Faso. The 2014–2016 Ebola outbreak in West Africa was the largest in history and the first-ever epidemic, affecting multiple countries, including some cases in the US in travelers. The death toll of 124 by 20 October exceeded that of previous outbreaks. In fact, a recent outbreak in Bangladesh has sparked concern for refugee populations, particularly children. The incidence of dengue around the world has increased in recent years and according to the WHO, there are an estimated 390 million dengue infections per year. According to the WHO, this 2017 outbreak of Lassa is the first one to occur in the Borno state of Nigeria in nearly 48 years, with 501 suspected cases and 104 deaths reported since December 2016. Events such as the 2014–2015 West Africa epidemic of Ebola virus disease highlight the importance of the capacity to detect and respond to public health threats. Diphtheria might sound like one of those early 20th century ailments that faded into history, or maybe you've never heard of it before. The outbreak included a total of three people, all of whom died — resulting in a case fatality rate of 100%. It can cause severe hemorrhaging, often resulting in death. The virus causes a respiratory disease called Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). But don't panic. This year, there were also alarming cholera outbreaks in Kenya, Zambia, and Nigeria. Cholera hit Yemen hard.. Cholera epidemics have been a … (WHO) The plague is mostly endemic in Congo, Peru and Madagascar, which saw a large outbreak in 2017 … [6], On March 5, Botswana, Namibia, Mauritius, Mozambique, Malawi and Zambia suspended all imports of processed meat from South Africa. Avian influenza (H7N9) occurred in China. In 2017, there were several outbreaks of locally-transmitted Chikungunya in different countries. This year marks China's fifth epidemic of avian influenza in humans (H7N9), and unfortunately it's the largest annual epidemic to date. Marburg causes a severe hemorrhagic fever among humans that can result in organ failure, shock, and severe bleeding. On May 17, 2017 4:55 am In Health by Emmanuel Okogba. Marburg virus showed up in Eastern Uganda. Fortunately, the WHO announced that the outbreak has been contained. During the period January 2017–March 2018, 15 countries in the WHO African Region (AFR) reported cholera outbreaks of varying magnitudes. [10][11] Tiger Brands reportedly admitted to knowing about the presence of listeria in some of its products eighteen days before the government recall. Of N. meningitidis cases, 53% were NmC, 30% NmW, and 13% NmX. Historically, outbreaks of Chikungunya have occurred in Africa and Asia, but since 2014 there have been major outbreaks in the Americas (including the US) — and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) reported that there were about 349,936 suspected cases in 2016. A catastrophic Ebola epidemic killed more than 11,300 people in West Africa between 2013 and 2016; so far this new outbreak looks small and containable. Lassa fever is endemic to West Africa, but this year there has been a particularly large, deadly outbreak in Nigeria. There is no treatment or vaccine for Marburg, but supportive care at a hospital can improve the chances of survival. [14], In December 2018 the South Gauteng High Court granted a certification order opening up the process for class-action lawsuit against Tiger Brands for around 1,000 claimants. Contact Caroline Kee at caroline.kee@buzzfeed.com. Utilizamos cookies, próprios e de terceiros, que o reconhecem e identificam como um usuário único, para garantir a melhor experiência de navegação, personalizar conteúdo e anúncios, e melhorar o desempenho do nosso site e serviços. The true total number of cases and deaths for each disease in 2017 may be higher.]. Human infection with avian influenza (H7N9) was first reported in China in 2013, and each year there are waves of outbreaks in January and February, but none as large as this year's. The plague is caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, which is usually transmitted from rodents to humans by infected fleas, and less commonly, from human to human. [8] At a press conference the next day, Tiger Brands CEO Lawrence MacDougall denied responsibility, stating "There is no direct link between any of the deaths and our products." [15], Widespread outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes food poisoning, The outbreak was from processed meats produced by Enterprise Foods in Polokwane, 2017-18 South African listeriosis outbreak, National Institute for Communicable Diseases, "Tiger Brands' R2.2 billion processed meat business catches fire as listeriosis is traced to its Polokwane facility", "Enterprise polony identified as source of listeria outbreak", "Media statement by the Minister of Health Dr Aaron Motsoaledi on the outbreak of a food borne disease in South Africa", "How the deadly strain of listeriosis was traced to Tiger Brands' Enterprise polony factory", "Listeriosis outbreak traced to Enterprise facility in Polokwane", "Tiger Brands, RCL Foods lost R5.7 billion in one day after #ListeriosisOutbreak", "Listeriosis outbreak: The blame games begin", "South Africa traces deadly listeria to sausage meat, issues recall", "Tons of recalled meat is headed for public landfill sites – and that could spell an entirely new disaster", "Malawi shops urged to remove South Africa meat products", "Namibia, Malawi pull SA meat products off shelves", "Kenya bans South Africa meat as WHO declares listeriosis outbreak 'largest ever, "This is how much South Africa's listeriosis victims may get, lawyers say", 2008 United States salmonellosis outbreak, 2017–18 South African listeriosis outbreak, 2018 Australian rockmelon listeriosis outbreak, Spanish Agency for Food Safety and Nutrition, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2017–2018_South_African_listeriosis_outbreak&oldid=1000949300, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 14:25. This study describes the investigation of typhoid fever outbreak in Limpopo province. In addition to Italy and France, there has been an ongoing outbreak of Chikungunya in Pakistan, with about 1018 suspected cases in the capital of Karachi. According to the CDC, there are still about 1,000–2,500 cases of the plague each year around the world, including in the US. [9], The South African government issued a recall notice of all products of RCL Foods Limited and Enterprise Foods and Rainbow Chicken facilities on March 4. African swine fever virus (ASFV) is a large, double-stranded DNA virus in the Asfarviridae family. Multiple international agencies were able to step in immediately to support the DRC's Ministry of Health in responding to the outbreak and by July, the WHO declared the end of the outbreak. A more recent outbreak of plague in Madagascar began in August 2017 and expanded rapidly, with about two-thirds of cases transmitted person-to-person as pneumonic plague, the most dangerous form of the disease. The average Ebola case fatality rate is around 50%, but it can be as high as 90%. There's yet another reason to use bug spray, and it's a viral disease called Chikungunya. Listeriosis Outbreak in South Africa Listeriosis is now a notifiable condition in South Africa. The outbreak was unusual because the majority of plague cases (77%) were pneumonic, which is the most serious form of the plague and the type that can spread from human to human. During the past four avian influenza (H7N9) epidemics, about 40% of those infected died. Dengue is a mosquito-borne illness caused by the dengue virus. Travelers can protect themselves from dengue by taking the same precautions as they would for any mosquito-borne disease. There were a startling 28,616 cases and 11,310 deaths overall. Samples taken from Enterprise and Rainbow Chicken polony products at the crèche the children attended tested positive for the strain of listeriosis causing the outbreak and led investigators to the infected production facilities. NmX increased from 0.6% of N. meningitidis cases in 2015 to 27% in 2017. An earlier version of this post misstated the figure. It's clinically similar to Ebola, and has a case fatality rate of up to 88%. Zimbabwe has experienced cholera outbreaks dating as far back as 1971 with an unprecedented outbreak occurring in 2008/2009 when 60 of the 62 districts in the country were affected. African swine fever (ASF) is a contagious viral disease that causes a ... Rome, 2017 AFRICAN SWINE FEVER: DETECTION AND DIAGNOSIS A manual for veterinarians Authors Daniel Beltrán-Alcrudo FAO Marisa Arias and Carmina Gallardo FAO Reference Centre, INIA-CISA, Spain ... of an emergency report on a disease outbreak (gEMP, 2011) 30 Malawi has been facing a cholera outbreak since late 2017 Lagos, Nigeria (CNN) At least 30 people have died and 893 are ill in a cholera outbreak in Malawi, the health ministry said Thursday. CDC at Work: On 6 October, 2017, an outbreak of cholera was declared in Zambia. Looks like your browser doesn't support JavaScript. Cholera is caused by ingesting food or water contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Here’s what you need to know. During the past four epidemics, about 40% of people infected with H7N9 died, the CDC reports. The disease outbreak fighters are on the way. Want to see more stories like this? However, you should always take precautionary measures, like washing your hands, if you stay in an area with poor sanitation and also avoid contact with sick people. Health officials are responding to the outbreak with a targeted immunization campaign. African neonatal units are at high risk of outbreaks owing to overcrowding, understaffing, and shared equipment. Yes, the plague — the "Black Death" that wiped out 60% of Europe's population in the 14th century — still exists. Caso não concorde com o uso cookies dessa forma, você deverá ajustar as configurações de seu navegador ou deixar de acessar o nosso site e serviços. However, long-term infection with Chikungunya can result in chronic illness and disability. The majority of cases have been from human to human transmission, but the virus also spreads to humans from infected camels, which are a major reservoir for the virus. Since 2016, the number of Ebola cases have dropped dramatically, but in May of 2017 there was a small outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS‐CoV) broke out in the Arabian peninsula. [1] The outbreak was first identified by doctors at Chris Hani and Steve Biko academic hospitals in July 2017, who notified the National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) about an unusually high number of neonatal infections. There is also an ongoing diphtheria outbreak in Yemen, and the WHO is in the process of delivering emergency aid to stop it from spreading. Dengue fever hit parts of Africa and Asia. The 2017–2018 South African listeriosis outbreak was a widespread outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes food poisoning that resulted from contaminated processed meats produced by Enterprise Foods, a subsidiary of Tiger Brands,[2] in Polokwane. 2017. Yemen has been contending with an outbreak of cholera since October of last year. It's spread through respiratory secretions, and unvaccinated children are at highest risk. The outbreak is among the Rohingya population, who have been displaced from nearby Myanmar and now reside in temporary settlements. Yes, the plague — the " Black Death " that wiped out 60% of Europe's population... 2. Avian influenza (H7N9) is a type of influenza A that comes from waterfowl and domestic poultry, where it can spread silently because it causes no symptoms or illness in birds. There are three types of plague: bubonic, pneumonic, and septicemic. Several outbreaks occurred: NmC in Niger in 2015–2017, NmC in Mali in 2016, and NmW in Togo in 2016–2017. The ministry has reported 163 outbreaks of African swine fever since August 2018 and said 1.19 million pigs have been culled, a fraction of 1% of China’s total herd. Diphtheria is rare in the US today thanks to the creation of a vaccine in the 1920s, which is given as a combination vaccine (DTaP, Tdap, DT, or Td). ZIKV infection leads to an asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic nonspecific disease in 80% of cases, but the outbreak in the Americas and French Polynesia coincided with a steep increase in the birth of babies with congenital microcephaly (2–4). The majority were reported in Saudi Arabia, but there were also cases in United Arab Emirates, Oman, Qatar, and Lebanon. ET, [Editor's note: The numbers listed reflect the most recent data available from the World Health Organization (WHO), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and country Ministries of Health. Caroline Kee is a health reporter for BuzzFeed News and is based in New York. However, many people have mild or no symptoms and recover with supportive care and treatment with oral rehydration solutions. The largest cholera outbreak this year occurred in Yemen, and since the outbreak began in October there have been 862,858 suspected cases and 2,177 deaths — but those numbers are expected to rise before the year ends. [12][13] Kenya followed suit on the next day. 5 Sep 2017 Foot and Mouth Disease outbreak in the protection zone of South Africa On 21 August 2017, three cattle with lesions suspect for Foot and mouth disease (FMD) were detected during the weekly routine inspection at a diptank in the Giyani Local Municipality. An outbreak of contagious and deadly Marburg virus disease in the Kween district of eastern Uganda was declared by the nation’s Ministry of Health on October 19. Cholera is endemic to Yemen, but this year's outbreak is the worst in its history and the population has become increasingly vulnerable due to ongoing conflict and a destroyed health infrastructure. So load up on bug spray, wear long-sleeved and pants when outside, and make sure stay in places with screens and nets. Korea (Rep. of) 1 – following the last FMD outbreak reported in the country in April 2016, the disease has re occurred on the 5th of February 2017, still caused by serotype O. About 73% of the cases, and 14 out of the 15 deaths, were among children younger than 15. About 35% of people infected with MERS have died. In 2011–2017, 17 outbreaks were reported (31 786 suspected cases from 8 countries, 1–6 outbreaks/year). Enhanced surveillance in the country will continue, as well as … Fear-related behaviors played an important role in shaping the outbreak. According to the WHO, each year there are an estimated 1.3 million to 4.0 million cases of cholera, and 21,000 to 143, 000 deaths worldwide. In 2017, there have been several outbreaks of MERS-Cov, accounting for approximately 224 cases and 67 deaths. Cooking kills listeria, but it can multiply in the refrigerator. Each claimant might be eligible to seek between R100,000 and R2,000,000 in compensation for their losses due to the outbreak. Hepatitis A Hit the United States. An assessment of the geographical risks of wild and vaccine-derived poliomyelitis outbreaks in Africa and Asia BMC Infect Dis . The 2017 Ebola outbreak was much smaller than others in recent years. Dengue causes flu-like symptoms with a fever, rash, and joint pain. The most affected countries were Nigeria (17 375 cases) and Niger (9343 cases). Since September 2017, San Diego, California has been suffering … Prior to this outbreak, Listeriosis was not a notifiable condition. The overall fatality rate is about 1%, but for severe cases it's about 15% and pregnant women are at highest risk. The outbreak involved a cattle farm in Chungcheongbuk-Do, which is situated in the central part of the country. It can cause severe watery diarrhea and dehydration, and kill within hours if left untreated. Methodology: Following notification of laboratory-confirmed cases, a descriptive study was conducted at Sekhukhune District, Limpopo … A Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) clinic in the city of Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh, reported a total of 804 suspected diphtheria cases and 15 deaths since November 3. When people recover, they won't get the disease again. [4][5], Interviews conducted by the authorities with people who contracted listeriosis indicated that processed cold meats, most notably polony, was the likely cause of the outbreak. Afp Contributor / AFP / Getty Images / Via. 2 July 2017 – Today, WHO declared the end of the most recent outbreak of Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Lassa fever is a hemorrhagic fever caused by the Lassa virus. This year was FULL of surprises. According to WHO, Nigeria is facing concurrent outbreaks of multiple pathogens, including Lassa fever, vaccine-derived poliovirus, measles, monkey pox and cholera. In rare cases, dengue can turn into a serious and fatal condition called dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). As of September 2017, the WHO has reported 764 human cases of H7N9. Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a rare and deadly disease in people and nonhuman primates. There aren't any health-related travel restrictions for Nigeria since visitors are still at low risk for contracting Lassa. [7], Laboratory-confirmed listeriosis cases started to rise in mid-2017 and peaked in December 2017, with 32 cases in a week. The viruses that cause EVD are located mainly in sub-Saharan Africa. [6], On March 4, 2018, Health Minister Aaron Motsoaledi announced that the disease was traced to the Enterprise processed meats factory in Polokwane. There's no specific treatment or vaccine, but with supportive care, dengue usually goes away on its own. High-risk foods include deli meat, soft cheeses and cold-smoked fish — really, anything that can sit in a refrigerator for a long time and is eaten without further cooking. Since 5 December 2017, the Department of Health amended the list of notifiable diseases to include Listeriosis. The source of the outbreak at the Enterprise Foods facility was only discovered after nine five-year-old children from Soweto were brought to Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital in mid-January 2018. It included a total of eight cases and four deaths. When it spreads from birds to humans, it causes a severe flu with increased respiratory distress and nausea. In September, health officials in Burkina Faso declared an outbreak which included 9,029 cases and 18 deaths. Symptoms of listeri… MERS‐CoV was only first identified in 2012, so it's still relatively new. [1], Following the announcement, Tiger Brand's stock price on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange dropped by 7%, resulting in a R5.7bn (equivalent to US$438.69 million) reduction in total value. On October 9, 2017 6:16 pm In News by Nwafor. Diphtheria is a life-threatening infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae, which produces a toxin in the body that can cause blocked airways, paralysis, heart damage, and death. Between 1 January 2017 through 14 March 2018, 978 laboratory-confirmed listeriosis cases have been reported to the National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) from all provinces. The announcement comes 42 days (two 21-day incubation cycles of the virus) after the last confirmed Ebola patient in the affected Bas-Uélé province tested negative for the disease for the second time. It is the causative agent of African swine fever (ASF). It is usually transmitted to humans from fruit bats and then spread among people through direct contact (including sexual) or contact with contaminated surfaces and materials. However, outside the US, diphtheria remains a problem. While the plague is treatable with antibiotics, it is fatal in 30%–100% of cases that aren’t treated, according to the WHO. The good news is that the virus does not easily pass from human to human — which could be very dangerous. Background: Typhoid fever remains a public health concern in South Africa, where the risk of transmission is high because of poor access to safe water and sanitation. There is no cure or vaccine, but supportive care can improve the chances of survival. France also reported 13 suspected cases in its Southeastern region. Ao continuar com a navegação em nosso site, você aceita o uso de cookies. In October, the Ugandan Ministry of Health confirmed the outbreak of Marburg in the Kween district of Eastern Uganda. The majority of cases have come from three provinces: 581 (59%) from Gauteng, 118 (12%) … [1] It is the world's worst ever listeriosis outbreak. In 2017, there were several deadly outbreaks of dengue in Africa and Asia. Africa CDC strengthens the capacity and capability of Africa’s public health institutions as well as partnerships to detect and respond quickly and effectively to disease threats and outbreaks, based on data-driven interventions and programmes. Outbreaks were of 18–14 542 cases in 113 districts (median 3 districts/outbreak). When pressed by journalists, he refused to apologize. A new polio outbreak in Sudan has been linked to the oral polio vaccine that uses a weakened form of the virus.. News of the outbreak comes a … The period January 2017–March 2018, 15 countries in the Lazio region Italy! Gauteng was the province with the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes strain ST 6, the each... Not easily pass from african disease outbreak 2017 to human — which could be very dangerous Know about 1 year... This study describes the investigation of typhoid fever outbreak in Limpopo province, you Should protect by... Togo, and has a case fatality rate is 5–10 % Black ``... You 've probably heard of this post misstated the figure — the `` death... Severe hemorrhagic fever among humans that can result in organ failure, shock and. Terrified to hear that it 's back cause severe hemorrhaging, often resulting a. 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