The 90th was forced to surrender on 28 April 1945 after the divisional commander and his staff had been captured earlier in the day,  with the remnants of the division surrendering to the Brazilian Expeditionary Force (FEB) on the Via Emilia south of Lake Garda. For European warfare, the two-regiment organization has been approved, but And as usually it had 3 infantry regiments each with 3 infantry battalions. The original Light Divisions set up in 1937 and 1938 were motorized cavalry formations that varied in their organization. THE GERMAN LIGHT DIVISION A recent report and a number of isolated pieces of information from various sources seem to provide a suitable opportunity for a short study of the German light division. Contained at least 300 French Foreign Legionnaires. and consist of two battalions of four companies with a regimental headquarters This was a motori… in, [DISCLAIMER: The following text is taken from the U.S. War Department It is thought that the four light divisions which at first emerged on the The Corps staff prevailed and the 90th went into battle to following day.  By November 1944 the division had withdrawn north and formed part of the defensive lines covering the advances to Bologna. pool to reinforce this  After a series of retreating battles into March 1945, the 90th was assigned as Field Army Group reserve under command of Heeresgruppe C. and put into reserve for rebuilding. be withdrawn from the front to reform, were transferred to eastern France and The formation headquarters was sent to Africa between late August and mid-September 1941 and deployed to command the Sollum area with the first units (347th Infantry Regiment and 300th Special Services "Oasis" Battalion) being attached on 15 October 1941. The division played a major role in most of the actions against the British Eighth Army in the Western Desert Campaign and eventually surrendered to the Allies in the final stages of the Tunisia Campaign in May 1943. It was re-constituted later in 1943 and deployed to Sardinia and when the expected Allied invasion of Sardinia failed to materialise, the division was moved to Italy. Formed from reconstituted 155th Light Infantry Regiment. The following report on the German light division was originally printed successful German airborne assault. The Division was finally overrun at 18:45 on 12 May 1943 and was granted an honourable surrender at 12:30 on 13 May 1943 together with all remaining Axis forces at Cap Bon, marking the end of the Tunisia Campaign. The third division also is believed not to have been motorized. It was not organized like the previous light divisions used in the Polish Campaign and was called a light division because it had a regiment of tanks but lacked enough pieces to qualify as a full panzer division. Below is the Script to video, note that this is not an article and is probably not really meaningful without the video. Delta. The converted regiments each consisted What's the ideal light tank division made up of? Excellent photograph of a mounted unit crossing a ferry.On the horse to the left can be seen the rifle scabbard used until early 1941. von Boeslager Mounted Force Formed in the spring of 1943 and operational until the end of the war, also known as Army Group (Mitte). The division formed part of the Afrika Korps during its deployment to North Africa. Unlike the British, who had employed armoured cars continuously in a wide variety of roles, the German reconnaissance battalions were heavily influenced from the outset by, their cavalry background. based on the two-regiment organization. 3 of Tactical and Technical Trends a Armee. The division was then transferred to Corsica where it absorbed the ground organisation of the Luftwaffe command on Corsica and added regulars coming from Volksdeutsche recruits.  The reserve was committed to battle in April 1945 to attempt to halt a breakthrough by the US 10th Mountain Division on the Po defence line but were unable to hold the advancing Allied forces. and all other divisional units were motorized, but the infantry regiments were LMG: light machine gun, IG: infantry gun, PS: Panzerschrecks. The 5th Light Division was a makeshift division built in piecemeal fashion from available units. the German light division. employed them in the spearhead of the attack; at times, they were the History The 90th Light Infantry Division was created in August 1941 as Division z.b.V. division or that as the occasion requires, so likewise they would be able to This proposed move was strongly opposed by the Corps generals who insisted that the 90th was just beginning to make itself felt at Cassino. pool with similar economy. reorganized as "Jaeger" regiments, which may be compared with the crack rifle https://tanks-encyclopedia.com/modern/modern-german-tanks.php The organization of the IIIrd battalions varied; some battalions had two batteries of 150mm heavy field howitzers plus one battery of 105mm guns, while others had three batteries of heavy field howitzers only, as shown in the table below. On mobilization there were 51 active divisions: 39 infantry divisions (including four motorized), 5 panzer divisions (plus a panzer brigade), 4 light divisions and 3 mountain divisions. , General Sir W Jackson, the government historian responsible for documenting the British official history of the War in Italy, considered the 90th Panzergrenadier Division a "worthy opponent. OR 3 x 37mm Flak37, 3 x Light Truck* Infantry Gun Platoon 2-4 x 75mm Inf. However during the period November 1941 to March 1942, three infantry (In issue No. it seems probable that the reinforced regiment has been found less satisfactory No definite information is available as to any change in structure which Afrika[Note 1], The subordinated 288th Special Service Unit, originally known as Sonderverband 288 was a regimental sized, special operations unit consisting of sub-units with various combat specialties including mountain and desert warfare, night operations and infiltration. The German 100th Jäger Division, formerly the 100th Light Infantry Division (German: 100. , The 29th and 90th Divisions had been moved from the Rome defences to Monte Cassino to bolster the southern defensive Gustav Line in January 1944 as a division assigned to I Parachute Corps. several features and organization of this unit.). Background The division that would become famous later as 90th Light Division started its life as a formation of odds and sods, thrown together quickly out of whatever was available while a much more important war raged in the east. Taking the standard tripod-mounted MG 08 and lightening by redesigning the receiver. flexible and has as great striking power as the motorized division, but is less However, its development, both present Training was completed in the Bardia area and the division was earmarked by Rommel to lead the attack on Tobruk. Tank crews crowd onto a Sherman Firefly to celebrate the capture of Le Beny Bocage, 1 August 1944. , By 15 October the division had been withdrawn from Piedmont in orchestrated disengagement manoeuvres and was deployed as part of a defensive line in the Abruzzi Mountains as part of 10. company, 1 "heavy" company) and a regimental antitank company. At the end of July 1944, the division was again relocated into the Po Valley between Modena and Parma and then to Liguria north of Genoa to re-group. organization, but in one case the two infantry regiments were each one of its three infantry regiments, and the two other regiments were Panzergrenadier-Regiment (mot) 45 . The reconstituted division was deployed along the Bonifacio - Bastia coastal road on 9 September 1943 where it was involved battles against Italians, the maquis and French troops for the liberation of Corsica. Panzer division, and the motorized division, which regularly works in close  The 361st Regiment contained 300 Germans who had previously served in the French Foreign Legion; who were usually considered unworthy of service but brought about by the Wehrmacht's incessant need for additional troops.. , As with the other units of the Afrika Korps, replacement units were quickly raised from available troops stationed in Western Europe. The 90th was involved in the battles related to Operation Crusader in 1942 and later in the battles of Bir Hakeim as well as the First and Second battles of El Alamein. Due to the severe shortage of both manpower and materials, the regiment became semi-motorized . operations in North Africa. It follows that a spearhead force drawn exclusively The 164th Light Afrika Division fought at El Alamein and took heavy casualties in the westward retreat. These are described as light infantry regiments, stage.  This was done to allow one Corps commander to command forces on both sides of the Liri River and prevailed until 21 May, when the 90th reverted to the command of 51st Mountain Corps. jacob.huska Nov 20, 2020 @ 2:48pm @Nerkec Double it, just X2 the whole thing . The Light Divisions became Panzer Divisions 6-9 in mid 1940. In addition, there is an artillery regiment of two battalions only; a This study must be regarded as tentative only, since detailed information is drawn from the G.H.Q. 3 of Tactical and Technical Trends a There seems little doubt, in view of this employment, that the type only spearhead divisions at the head of a thrust by one or the other of these two battalions of the old Imperial Army. , By 25 April the US 5th Army had five divisions over the Po River and IV (US) Corps crossed Lake Garda using Fantails and Duplex Drive tanks to push west to close the Brenner Pass escape road and to secure Milan. transport battalions of the G.H.Q. The bulky MG 08/15 represented Germany’s attempt at producing a light machine gun. The 90th Light was regarded by the 2nd New Zealand Division, commanded by Lieutenant-General Sir Bernard C. Freyberg VC, as their special foe and as the two formations had faced each other on several occasions. Yet, it also had a small detachment with bigger guns, but overall it couldn’t compete with the US or German division in this regard.  The 90th was involved in the defence of Monte Cassino during the first Battle of Monte Casino and lead the recapture of Monte Calvari from the American 2nd Brigade of 168th Infantry Division on 7 February 1944. than the "normal" infantry regiment with a separate artillery regiment. Many artillery batteries soon came within range of advancing German infantry. tanks; and it may well be that the tank regiments, too may be largely transferred (In issue No. Since no historical works existed analyzing the light-hea y debate while looking at operational employment of reconnaissance units, the modular decision was not made based on historical precedent. same two-regiment structure. Abteilung of Panzer-Regiment in Type 45 Panzer-Division. What the German 1917 division lost in rifles, however, it more than gained in other weapons. The 90th Light Infantry Division was a light infantry division of the German Army during World War II that served in North Africa as well as Sardinia and Italy. lacking and there is reason to believe that the light division has not It is concluded, therefore, that the light division is the new type which  By this time, the division infantry battalions were considered fortunate if they had more than 200 men! In the form now aimed at the 90th Light Division is to revert to a A German MG 08/15 team poses with their gun. divisions, which had suffered heavy casualties in Russia, and therefore had to iamserhathan Dec 14, 2020 @ 11:44pm so good , will use.  On 3 February, Kesselring instructed the whole 1st Parachute Division to be moved from the Adriatic to Cassino to relieve the 90th Division.  After the Allied landings in southern France, the division was relocated to Piedmont to secure the border of the Alpine crossings from France into Italy. Unlike its … When Germany mobilized, the system was rapidly expanded to include 16 reserve, 21 territorial (Landwehr) and 14 training divisions (Ergänzungsdivisionen). The artillery regiment German Panzer III of 5th Light Division DAK Libya 1941 Site statistics: Photos of World War II: over 26800 aircraft: 63 models tanks: 59 models vehicles: 59 models guns: 3 models units: 2 ships: 47 WW2 battlefields - 12 weapon models: - equipment: - people: - books in reference section: over 500 World War Photos 2013-2020, contact: info(at)worldwarphotos.info. With the half-tracked battalion merged into the Panzer-Regiment, the Panzergrenadier-Regiment no longer contained SdKfz 251 SPW. their attacking divisions, so that all are equally adapted for cooperating with Light divisions were reduced in size … The 90th was then involved in the fourth battle for Monte Cassino. , By 1 June, Kesselring tried to concentrate the 90th, the 1st Parachute, 305th Infantry and 94th Infantry divisions into a defensive line between Piglio and Paliano. [Note 2] During the second Battle of Monte Casino on 17 February 1944, the 90th was attacked by New Zealand Corps and defended their positions against the Indian 4th Division. Panzer Division runes, in yellow, are visible on the right rear mudguard, balanced by a white company symbol on the left. A recent report and a number of isolated pieces of information from However, unlike most Allied light machine guns the MG 08/15 retained its water jacket and added a large wooden buttstock resulting in the weapon weighing 33 lbs. Generalmajor Friedrich-Wilhelm von Loeper(24 November 1938 - 12 October 1939) They were not sufficiently ar… Early in the war the panzer divisions used mostly light tanks, and later they used mostly medium tanks. whenever necessary, and there is no need to tie up motor transport by a permanent By 28 April all passes providing a possibility of escape into Austria had been closed and the 90th made a last great effort to keep these escape routes open for the divisions in the west. is there a 20w light tank division? The defending 55 (2/West Lancashire) Division and much of 12 (Eastern) and 20 (Light) Divisions seemed to evaporate, and Snow called for reinforcements as early as 9am. pool can transport the "Jaeger" regiments In Tunisia, the 90th were initially involved in the Battle of El Guettar. various sources seem to provide a suitable opportunity for a short study of nowak284 Nov 4, 2020 @ 2:15am very good guide Nerkec Oct 24, 2020 @ 4:06am "20 width …  Two battalions from Sonderverbande 288 and one locally recruited Arab battalion were later amalgamated to form the 155th Rifle (later 155th Infantry and then Panzergrenadier) Regiment within the division. As the demands for more troops in North Africa became more des- perate, the division was split into a small fortress division and a mobile Light Division. It was re-constituted later in 1943 and deployed to Sardinia and when the expected Allied invasion of Sardinia failed to materialise, the division was moved to But by then, these units were very weak and were constantly in contact with Allied forces, making relocation extremely difficult. necessary, from the G.H.Q. The first of these three divisions to complete conversion discarded Leichte Infanterie Division) was a light infantry division. This unit was formed in Potsdam in 1941 from specialist soldiers with previous experience in the deserts of the Middle East and North Africa. and contemplated, has been governed by the particular requirements of the The 90th Light Infantry Division was a light infantry division of the German Army during World War II that served in North Africa as well as Sardinia and Italy. company.  The 90th was relieved in the Cassino line after the second battle for Cassino by the 1st Parachute Division and were moved to join the 51st Mountain Corps after refitting at Frosinone. As such, the Africa Division was reconstituted as the 90th Panzergrenadier Division in Sardinia during July 1943 drawing an experienced nucleus of troops from Sturmbrigade Reichsführer SS. It comprised elements of the 3rd Panzer Division, the unit initially earmarked for North Africa in the summer of 1940. reinforced by an artillery battalion, whereas in the other there was an pool. the divisional allotment of artillery by using the G.H.Q. expensive to maintain. It appears, therefore, that the light division is still in the experimental Gun, 2-4 x Limber* Hvy. The reason for the creation of the light division is apparently based on the A 6-pdr anti-tank gun crew of the Durham Light Infantry, 49th (West Riding) Division inspect a knocked-out German Panther tank during Operation ‘Epsom’, 27 June 1944.  Through its five-year existence, it was re-designated several times, although always known colloquially as the Africa Division, being the only German combat division to have been largely raised in Africa itself. tank battalion is to be added; the other divisional units all depart to a greater I'd figure something like 4 tanks and two trucks. … The division consisted an Engineer Battalion, a light artillery regiment consisting of two light artillery battalions and one regular artillery battalion. In August 1942 the division was split to form the smaller Fortress Brigade Kreta and the 164th Light Afrika Division (German language: Leichte Afrika Division), with the former remaining in Crete and the latter sent to North Africa. cooperation with tank units. the four original light divisions employed on the Russian front may have Authorized Strengths for the 4th Light Division (motorized) Division Total: Division Hqs. Just as the Germans effect great economy by reducing motorization, however, it seems that a final decision has still to be taken. Both were based on a two-regiment Infantry Gun Platoon 2 x 150mm Inf. Name was changed effective from 26 July 1942, Was assigned to division but was being formed in Germany. https://deutsches-afrikakorps.blogspot.com/2010/12/order-of-battle.html Standard infantry division (motorized) artillery regiments had two battalions (Ist and IInd) of 105mm light field howitzers.  … Afrika. publication. "12 May 1943: The Germans surrender in North Africa", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=90th_Light_Infantry_Division_(Wehrmacht)&oldid=1000730582, Military units and formations established in 1941, Infantry divisions of Germany during World War II, Military units and formations disestablished in 1945, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1 × Company 190th Panzer Signals Battalion, This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 12:23. pool can more easily cooperate with regiments, the The 90th would then move to the Adriatic to fill the gap in the 51st Mountain Corps left by the relocation of the parachute division. They would also have a uniform structure in Initially, only one company, from October 1943 full battalion was assigned. During this three-year period, they actively participated in the Invasion of Poland, the Battle of France and the initial stages of Operation Barbarossa (the ill-fated and costly invasion of the Soviet Union). on a horse basis. from these types will be far simpler to control than one which contains a  In the final confrontation with the 90th Light in May 1943, Freyberg had sent a message to the German Division stating "..your position is hopeless. On 28 November 1941, the formation was renamed 90. leichte Afrika Division (90th Light Africa Division). The new 164th Light Division was sent to North Africa to join Rommel’s army. The 90th thus remained in the Casino defence lines and didn't participate in the Anzio battles. At the same time, tank regiments number of three-regiment infantry divisions. of the modern German Army), and on an increasing preference for the two-regiment division basis of three regiments. chickenwing43 Nov 28, 2020 @ 6:22am 50w infantry is great, just spam out guns and you can use the spare factories to make air. armies. The first unit incorporated was the 39th Panzerjager (anti-tank) Battalion.  On 20 October more units were attached (155th Inf Regt, 900th Engineer Battalion and 605th Anti Tank battalion) and the division troops were expanded to full strength with the division becoming known as Division z.b.V. economize in motor transport. independent artillery regiment. The formation was originally created as the '5th Light Division' or the '5th Light Afrika Division' in Africa in early 1941, from an ad hoccollection of smaller units rushed to support the collapsing Italian forces in Cyrenaica, Libya. We have fought you for two years and have no wish to annihilate you." the Russian front, when von Reichenau's Sixth and Seventeenth Armies constantly Russian front represented two separate types. The reply was "..We appreciate your message and we realise our position is hopeless; but we have our duty to perform." On 26 June 1941, the OKH ordered the creation of a Division HQ staff for Kommando zbV Afrika in Germany. It was here that the division faced its first damaging battle in Italy during the bitter fighting with the 1st Canadian Infantry Division during the Moro River Campaign in late November 1943 and the Battle of Ortona in December. The Panzer, motorized, mountain, and light divisions are all based on the yet emerged from the experimental stage. was an experimental one, entrusted to the commanders mainly responsible for it. Both they and units hurriedly ordered to shore up the clearly splintering defence were shocked at what they saw. Wrecked German transport and knocked out tanks on a road in the Falaise-Argentan area, 21 August 1944. A panzer division in World War II consisted of a tank brigade with four battalions, a motorized infantry brigade with four rifle battalions, an artillery regiment, and reconnaissance, antitank, and engineer battalions and service units. Battles raged around the abbey for an additional three days after which Gen Freyberg called off the corps attack. As a rule, however, they had a light tank battalion, one or two regiments of mounted infantry with two or three battalions each, a motorized artillery regiment with 24 105 mm leFH field howitzers, an anti-tank battalion with 36 3.7-cm PAK 36 and 12 20 mm Flak 38, and a motorized reconnaissance battalion or a reconnaissance regiment with armored cars. stands for "zur besonderen Verwendung", which translates as "for a special use" in English. As regards  By 4 June, the 90th were again fighting rear-guard actions on the line Ponte Orsino - Trevi and had retreated further north.  The 90th Light continued to resist attacks by the 56th Division but finally succumbed to attack by the 6th Armoured Division as well as immense air attacks from the South African and Royal Air Forces. The planned division was intended for deployment to Africa to re-balance, and add infantry troops to the DAK deployed in the Western Desert. basic structure of which is the same as the infantry regiment of the may in time supersede both motorized and "normal" infantry divisions. undergone. report on the reorganization of the 90th German Light Division explained the It is believed that the 90th Light Division was originally intended to be The second of these divisions was given the same infantry structure of ", The division has been implicated in a number of war crimes in Italy between August 1944 and April 1945, with up to five civilians executed in each incident.. A direct assault by the New Zealand Division was checked and a later attack by the 167th Bde of 56th (London) Infantry Division was also halted by the 90th Light with British casualties being 63 dead, 221 wounded and 104 missing. there reorganized as light divisions.  This move was encouraged by Adm Wilhelm Canaris assuring Field Marshal Kesselring that there was no possibility of any Allied landings close to Rome (The virtually unopposed Anzio landings took place two weeks later on 22 January 1944). It is as principle of fluidity in the employment of special troops (an outstanding characteristic 3 LT 2 MOT (10 CW) 6 LT 4 MOT (20 CW) You could replace some tanks with LSPAT for extra damage. of three battalions of 5 companies (3 rifle companies, 1 machine-gun or lesser extent from the organization met with in any other type of division. The light division is apparently not fully motorized, because the special motor The division played a major role in most of the actions against the British Eighth Army in the Western Desert Campaign and eventually surrendered to the Allies in the final stages of the Tunisia Campaign in May 1943. It was engaged in actions against the Allies in Italy from 1943 to April 1945 when the division was listed as "destroyed" in the Po River valley. in the spearhead force. < > Showing 1-3 of 3 comments . two "Jaeger" regiments, but its artillery and other divisional units remained Light divisions were first reported in action in the summer of 1941 on not; it must be assumed that motor transport for them would be provided, when Close hand-to-hand combat ensued and the Indian Division launched three attacks against the 90th defences.  On 18 May, when the 90th reached the Hitler Line, it was transferred from 51st Mountain Corps to fall under the command of 14th Panzer Corps and deployed in the at Pignataro - Pontecorvo area. allotment. Afrika, from units already in Africa under the control of Divisions-Kommando z.b.V. Jan 6, 2017 @ 10:12pm 4 LT 2 MOT would give you 12 CW but you want 10 20 or 40 CW. The division was transferred to the Italian mainland from the Bastia bridgehead on 3 October 1943 and assigned to LXXXVII Corps of Army Group C., On arrival in Italy, the 90th was deployed in Tuscany close to Pisa and then moved to Gatteo a Mare on the Adriatic coast and in mid November to the Abruzzo region, as part of the Gustav Line defences. As such, it was provided with partial horse or motor transport and lighter artillery. The abbreviation z.b.V. The division strength was 8,017 on 6 February 1944 (. These light tanks fought in the German Panzer Divisions from 1939 until 1942, when they were removed from active service. to the G.H.Q. Had 3 infantry battalions were considered fortunate if they had more than men... Allotment of artillery by using the G.H.Q Division lost in rifles, however, it was provided with partial or! Monte Cassino flexible and has as great striking power as the occasion requires, so likewise would! 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