Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin. The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. A string, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. 14) Indication, prelude; विशङ्क्य सूत्रं पुरुषायितस्य तद् भविष्यतोऽस्मायि तदा तदालिभिः (viśaṅkya sūtraṃ puruṣāyitasya tad bhaviṣyato'smāyi tadā tadālibhiḥ) N.16.15. This can lead to ambiguity or misunderstanding, since emojis can also replace regular words in a text. the term Sūtra is applied to original text books as opp. In the sense of a ‘ book of rules ’ for the guidance of sacrifices and so forth, the word occurs in the Bṛhadāraṇyaka-upaniṣad (ii. Accordingly, the cittacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the nirmāṇa-puṭa (‘emanation layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. Sūtra (सूत्र).—(VEDASŪTRA). 3 The rule, law, canon; the system of instructions and directions; the process or line of procedure; as prescribed or as necessary to be observed for the accomplishment or conduct of a business or work. Such ornaments for males should be used in cases of gods and kings. If an insect, plant, or animal stings, it produces a small but painful injury, usually with a…. Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). (-traṃ) 1. The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D. Sūtra Skt., lit., “thread”; (Pali, sutta; Jap., kyō); discourses of the Buddha. 3. 4. Discover the meaning of sutra in the context of Jyotisha from relevant books on Exotic India. 5 An opinion or a decree in law. She bears the image of her sire Akṣobhya on her crown and carries the menacing kartri in the right hand. 3) [v.s. The veena (IAST: vīṇā) comprises a family of chordophone instruments from the Indian subcontinent. How may sub divisions are there of Sūtra and Prathāmanuyoga? Discover the meaning of sutra in the context of Vyakarana from relevant books on Exotic India. Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies. Sūtra (सूत्र) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[anonymous] Oppert. Discover the meaning of sutra in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India. fibre definition: 1. any of the thread-like parts that form plant or artificial material and can be made into cloth…. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Sūtra (सूत्र).—[neuter] thread, cord, [especially] the sacred cord worn by the first three classes; string, wire; line, brief rule or a book of such rules. An opinion or decree, (in law.) Sūtra (सूत्र) refers to one of the five parts of Dṛṣṭivāda: one of the twelve limbs of the internal-corpus (aṅga-praviṣṭa). A rule. sting definition: 1. line - दोरी, दोरा किंवा तारेचा तुकडा, रेषा, रांग, ओळ, लहानसे पत्र, वंशावळ Dictionary, Speaker helps Parrikar add Marathi astringency to argument, IATA calls for stringent regulatory norms for privatised airports, No 'String of Pearls', it's the Dragon in the Indian Ocean (Comment: Special to IANS), NGT bans glass-coated kite string across country, NGT bans glass powder-coated kite string across country, Canada's stringent short term visa law hurting services trade: Sitharaman, TRENDING: Go early at the SEA Games football final, there will be stringent security checks, Facebook to make ad scrutiny more stringent, Government bringing stringent consumer protection law: Modi, More stringent measures needed to tackle racism: Zuma, Hello English works best on our Android App. The meaning of emojis offers many possibilities of interpretation. also संज्ञा च परिभाषा च विधिर्नियम एव च प्रतिषेधोधि-कारश्च षड्विधम् सूत्रलक्षणम् ॥ (saṃjñā ca paribhāṣā ca vidhirniyama eva ca pratiṣedhodhi-kāraśca ṣaḍvidham sūtralakṣaṇam ||) Com. Sūtra.—(IA 20), a manual of religious rituals, etc. Here the goddess, in accordance with the Dhyāna, has a terrible appearance with canine teeth, garland of heads and three eyes rolling in anger. Hindi meaning of string. Sūtra (सूत्र)—One of the Heavenly ornaments according to the Vāyu Purāṇa. string meaning in marathi: स्ट्रिंग | Learn detailed meaning of string in marathi dictionary with audio prononciations, definitions and usage. Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Discover the meaning of sutra in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India. To thread, string. From the Thanks! : e.g. A thread in general. She stands on the corpse lying on its back, and dances in the ardhaparyaṅka attitude. Sarangi derives its name from the bow of lord Vishnu and probably as it is played with a bow it is named as sarangi. Sūtra (सूत्र) refers to one of the twelve members of Buddhist texts (dvādaśāṅga), according to a note attached to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 51.—Among these texts, those that correctly (sūcanatas) express the meaning are called sūtra. A rule in morals or science, a short aphorism, e. g. the rules of Pāṇini. (= Pali sutta-piṭaka), the (collection of) discourses, one of the three grand divisions of the Buddhist canon: Mahāvyutpatti 1412; Divyāvadāna 333.7; sūtravinayābhi- dharmeṇa Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 290.8. Discover the meaning of sutra in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal. (IE 3-1), same as śarayantraka; the string holding the leaves of a manuscript together (Vāsavadatta, Hall's ed., p. 250). The Nikāyas are the Dīgha-nikāya, Majjhima-nikāya, Samyutta-nikāya, Anguttara-nikāya, and Khuddaka-nikāya. The left hand holding the kapāla is broken. See more. Cord definition: Cord is strong , thick string. Sūtra (सूत्र) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Sūtrikā forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Cittacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Note: Sūtra is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry. They are thought to have been composed between the 1st century BCE and the 6th century CE. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Sūtra] are black in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife. It is to be worn below the talaka. A subset of an alphanumeric field or variable. The word "sutra" was very likely meant to apply quite literally to these texts, as they were written down in books of palm leaves sewn together with thread. The sūtras are collected in the second part of the Buddhist canon, the Sūtra-pitaka, or “Basket of the Teachings.” According to tradition they derive directly from the Buddha. To this category belong all the texts of the various schools of philosophy, Mīmāṃsa-sūtras, Yoga-sūtras, Vaiśeṣika-sutras, Dharma-sūtras, Gṛhya-sūtras etc. Sarod strings are either made of steel or phosphor bronze. The term is defined as अल्पाक्षरमसंदिग्धं सारवद्विश्वतोमुखम् । अस्तो-भमनवद्यं च सूत्रं सूत्रविदो विदुः (alpākṣaramasaṃdigdhaṃ sāravadviśvatomukham | asto-bhamanavadyaṃ ca sūtraṃ sūtravido viduḥ). Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature. They were originally composed in Sanskrit but are for the most part extant only in Chinese or Tibetan translations. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. Sūtra (सूत्र).—i. Most contemporary sarod players use German or American-made strings, such as Roslau (Germany), Pyramid (Germany) and Precision (USA). context information. ], 10) [v.s. What does substring mean? A string. ‘rules for domestic ceremonies and conventional customs’, sometimes called collectively Smārta-sūtras [as founded on smṛti or ‘tradition’ See smārta]; these led to the later Dharmaśāstras or ‘law-books’ [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 145]; in philosophy each system has its regular text-book of aphorisms written in Sūtras by its supposed founder [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 60 etc. See more. to Marathi The many regional designs have different names such as the Rudra veena, the Saraswati veena, the Vichitra veena and others.. The sūtras require extensive commentaries and because of their ambivalence can be interpreted in a number of different ways. Note: sūtra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages. Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. 8) A short or concise technical sentence used as a memorial rule; it is thus defined:-स्वल्पाक्षरमसंदिग्धं सारवद् विश्वतोमुखम् । अस्तोभमनवद्यं च सूत्रं सूत्रविदो विदुः (svalpākṣaramasaṃdigdhaṃ sāravad viśvatomukham | astobhamanavadyaṃ ca sūtraṃ sūtravido viduḥ). She is decked in the five auspicious symbols, the kaṇṭhikā (torque), rucaka (bracelets), ratna (jewels), mekhalā (girdle), and bhasma (ashes) or the sūtra (sacred thread) in the form of a garland of heads. दोरीने बांधून टाकणे (धनुष्य, इची) दोरी चढवणे, English A thread, [Hitopadeśa] 65, 13. Warble meaning in Arabic is التغريد - Synonyms and related Warble is Descant, Quaver, Trill, Yodel. Google's free service instantly translates words, phrases, and web pages between English and over 100 other languages. संज्ञासूत्र, परिभाषासूत्र,विधिसूत्र, नियमसूत्र, प्रतिषेधसूत्र (saṃjñāsūtra, paribhāṣāsūtra, vidhisūtra, niyamasūtra, pratiṣedhasūtra) and अधिकारसूत्र (adhikārasūtra); cf. (HRS), royal receipts collected by the superintendent of weaving, as suggested by the Arthaśāstra. Learn more. A rule, a precept, in morals or science; a short, obscure, and technical sentence, enjoying some observance in law or religion, or intimating some rule in grammar, logic, &c.; in each case it is the fundamental and primitive part of Hindu learning, and is the form in which the works of the early and supposed inspired writers appear; the ingenuity and labour of subsequent authors having expanded and explained the original Sutras in various commentaries and glosses. The key. Sūtra is the name of the sacred texts found in the four Āgamas (āgamacatuṣṭaya) and the name of the sacred texts found in the Mahāyāna. Some are easy to realize, others difficult to interpret if you do not know the original meaning. 1) Sūtra (सूत्र):—[from sūtr] n. ([according to] to [gana] ardhacādi also m.; [from] √siv, ‘to sew’, and connected with sūci and sūnā) a thread, yarn, string, line, cord, wire, [Atharva-veda] etc. Along with these Hīnayāna sūtras, a great number of Mahāyāna sūtras have also been preserved. Sutra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. The strings are plucked with a triangular plectrum (java) made of polished coconut shell, ebony, cocobolo wood, horn, cowbone, Delrin, or Sūtra (सूत्र, “thread”) refers to a “golden neck-chain” and is classified as an ornament (ābharaṇa) for the neck (kaṇṭha) to be worn by males, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Literally it means a thread or line that holds things together and is derived from the verbal root siv-, meaning to sew, as does the medical term "suture." Learn more. Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Discover the meaning of sutra in the context of Mimamsa from relevant books on Exotic India. (also sūtrānta, q.v. ; they form a kind of rubric to Vedic ceremonial, giving concise rules for the performance of every kind of sacrifice [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 146 etc. Sūtra (सूत्र) also refers to a “neck-chain” ornament (ābharaṇa) for the neck (kaṇṭha) to be worn by females. ; मणौ वज्रसमुत्कीर्णे सूत्रस्येवास्ति मे गतिः (maṇau vajrasamutkīrṇe sūtrasyevāsti me gatiḥ) R.1.4. 4. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article. 9) Any work or manual containing such aphoristic rules; e. g. मानवकल्पसूत्र, आपस्तम्बसूत्र, गृह्यसूत्र (mānavakalpasūtra, āpastambasūtra, gṛhyasūtra) &c. 11) A girdle; वासः ससूत्रं लघुमारुतोऽहरद् भवस्य देवस्य किलानुपश्यतः (vāsaḥ sasūtraṃ laghumāruto'harad bhavasya devasya kilānupaśyataḥ) Bhāg.8.12.23. Such ornaments for females should be used in cases of human females and celestial beings (gods and goddesses). according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.20, “scriptural knowledge (śruta) preceded by sensory knowledge (mati) is of two, or of twelve (e.g., dṛṣṭivāda) or of many kinds”. Consider supporting this website: Chapter 11 - The Earth Goddess Protects the Dhárma, Part 3 - The Precursors of the Viśiṣṭādvaita Philosophy, Conditions note (1): The system in the canonical sūtras, Appendix 13 - Notes on the stanzas spoken by Vaiśravaṇa in honor of the Buddha. sūtra (सूत्र).—n (S) A thread in general, any string, line, fibre, or filament. 2) [v.s. 5) The sacred thread or sacrificial cord worn by members of the first three classes; शिखासूत्रवान् ब्राह्मणः (śikhāsūtravān brāhmaṇaḥ) Tarka K.; विप्रत्वे सूत्रमेव हि (vipratve sūtrameva hi) Bhāg.12.2.3. Sūtra (सूत्र).—A short pithy assertion laying down something in a scientific treatise; aphorism; the word is sometimes used in a collective sense in the singular, referring to the whole collection of Sutras or rules; cf. The string or wire of a puppet. The instrument is generally made of walnut and has 25 bridges. Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. [distich] 19. To penetrate into these two groups is to penetrate into the Greater and Lesser Vehicles also. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles: Brahma Sutras (Vedanta Sutras) (by George Thibaut), Sūtra of the Great Vow of Kṣitigarbha Bodhisattva, Chapter 11 - The Earth Goddess Protects the Dhárma < [Scroll 2], A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta), Part 3 - The Precursors of the Viśiṣṭādvaita Philosophy < [Chapter XVIII - An Historical and Literary Survey of the Viśiṣṭādvaita School of Thought], Part 1 - Date of Bhāskara < [Chapter XV - The Bhāskara School of Philosophy], Appendix I - The Lokāyata, Nāstika and Cārvāka, Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön), Conditions note (1): The system in the canonical sūtras < [Part 1 - Understanding the Conditions (pratyaya)], First aṅga (member): Sūtra < [Part 2 - Hearing the twelve-membered speech of the Buddha], Appendix 13 - Notes on the stanzas spoken by Vaiśravaṇa in honor of the Buddha < [Chapter VIII - The Bodhisattvas], Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index, Srimatham: Mīmāṃsa: The Study of Hindu Exegesis, Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study, Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar, अल्पाक्षरमसंदिग्धं सारवद्विश्वतोमुखम् । अस्तो-भमनवद्यं च सूत्रं सूत्रविदो विदुः (, संज्ञासूत्र, परिभाषासूत्र,विधिसूत्र, नियमसूत्र, प्रतिषेधसूत्र (, संज्ञा च परिभाषा च विधिर्नियम एव च प्रतिषेधोधि-कारश्च षड्विधम् सूत्रलक्षणम् ॥ (, Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images, archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects, archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography, academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala, Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary, DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary, DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English, DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary, मणौ वज्रसमुत्कीर्णे सूत्रस्येवास्ति मे गतिः (, सुराङ्गना कर्षति खण्डिताग्रात् सूत्रं मृणालादिव राजहंसी (, स्वल्पाक्षरमसंदिग्धं सारवद् विश्वतोमुखम् । अस्तोभमनवद्यं च सूत्रं सूत्रविदो विदुः (, मानवकल्पसूत्र, आपस्तम्बसूत्र, गृह्यसूत्र (, वासः ससूत्रं लघुमारुतोऽहरद् भवस्य देवस्य किलानुपश्यतः (, त्वमेव धर्मार्थदुघाभिपत्तये दक्षेण सूत्रेण ससर्जिथा- ध्वरम् (, विशङ्क्य सूत्रं पुरुषायितस्य तद् भविष्यतोऽस्मायि तदा तदालिभिः (, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary. 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