This makes neurotoxic venom more prevalent through natural selection. According to the American Academy of Neurology, timber rattlesnake venom can often cause myokymia in the victim’s face or limbs. Its first response is to perform a threat display. During spring and fall, these snakes are diurnal, but become nocturnal during summer. On occasion, this rattlesnake will also eat birds, frogs, and even other snakes. These fangs are hollow and connected to venom glands. A timber rattlesnake cannot hold onto its prey effectively. A timber rattlesnake can grow up to 6.25 feet long, with average lengths between 3 and 5 feet. The west to east distribution of timber rattlesnakes in the United States extends from central Oklahoma nearly to Maine, and north to south from northern New York to central-east Texas. The timber rattlesnake may then seek an escape route. Read on to learn about the timber rattlesnake, what dangers it poses to humans, and what dangers the timber rattlesnake itself faces. Between 7,000 and 8,000 people per year are bitten by venomous snakes in the United States, but only … Timber rattlesnakes den with other snake species during the winter, typically on south-facing slopes under talus or inside rock fissures. This snake is an essential factor in controlling rodent populations. It is critical to keep in mind that timber rattlesnakes are highly venomous and should not be handled or disturbed. I live in Texas near a wooded area. Angering a snake will result in one response — you become its target. However, the timber rattlesnake is not a very aggressive species. They are actually beneficial to people because they consume a … Antivenom for timber rattlesnake bites is widely available at hospitals, especially in areas where timber rattlesnakes are known to live. According to the Idaho Department of Fish and Game, you can trap 4 snakes … In timber rattlesnakes, the head is colored yellow, tan, or gray, and usually has a dark line running from each eye to the jaw. Humans also tend to capture and kill the timber rattlesnake out of fear of its bite. If you encounter a rattlesnake, or a snake you cannot identify, please do not try to capture or kill it. This is the only rattlesnake species in most of the populous northeastern United States and is second only to its cousins to the west, the prairie rattlesnake, as the most northerly distributed venomous snake in North America. NEW MERCH AVAILABLE: https://theywillkillyou.com/Rattlesnakes are venomous and dangerous snakes with a unique sound. It would rather safely leave your presence than bite you. Timber rattlesnakes are long-live, with some reaching 45 or 50 years old, and by then have straight-sided rattles with almost no taper. Rattlesnakes can swim. Timber rattlesnakes face many dangers in the wild, including snake fungal disease. Platelets are another part of blood clotting. Close examination on the top of the head will reveal tiny scales on the western pygmy rattlesnake and large scales on timber rattlesnakes. Then the snake is able to shed its skin and with it get rid of the infection. Like other North American vipers, they have a broad, flat, triangular-shaped head. A timber rattlesnake is a carnivore that eats terrestrial vertebrates. The rattlesnake’s fangs are attached to a kind of hinge in the mouth, and so they can rest against the roof of the snake’s mouth, folded safely away. Those things blend in with the terrain very well and are hard to see. If you have the option to call Animal Control, always feel free to do so. However, if fungal stalks remain on the snake after the skin is shed, the infection will return. So a 4 foot snake can strike 1 1/2 feet approximately. It also reduces platelet numbers, making it difficult for the body to close up other wounds later. Snakes are carnivorous and primarily eat small mammals like rats and mice. Rattlesnakes are venomous. In late fall and early spring, several individuals can be found basking near the entrances of den sites. If you hear a timber rattlesnake rattling its tail, your best choice of action is to turn around and walk away. Western pygmy rattlesnakes do have an orange to red-orange midline. State and national forests are also hard at work to conserve these powerful reptiles. Rattlesnake bites can be fatal, but rarely. Timber Rattlesnake and Human Interaction Though these reptiles are venomous, they rarely cause harm to humans. Along the northern edge of timber rattlesnake territory, you are more likely to find a timber rattlesnake with more hemotoxins in its venom. Presumably if you look like a rattlesnake and you sound like a rattlesnake you will be safer from predation. Please always remember, safety first! In the black morph, the timber rattlesnake has gray scales with dark black bands and patches. https://www.snakesforpets.com/timber-rattlesnake-dangers/, Bruising or discoloration around the bite, Numbness in the affected limb or in the face. In the summer, a timber rattlesnake will migrate to find prey to hunt. It is at risk as well. The timber rattlesnake prefers warmer weather and so it is most active during warmer months. Females produce litters varying from seven to 11 young, with larger females producing larger litters. Dorsal scales are heavily keeled and scales under the tail are not divided as in most non-venomous snakes. A timber rattlesnake has a dangerous bite with venom that is very harmful to humans. (This profile was created by Dr. Laurie Vitt as part of a partnership between the Wildlife Department and the Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History. T… Once the prey is dead, it will swallow its prey whole. However, this is saliva that performs multiple useful tasks for the snake’s survival. If you’re bitten by one it can be dangerous, but it’s very rarely fatal. A timber rattlesnake on field equipment (Photo: Matthew Simon) ... “I grew up watching my father kill snakes,” he said. Any would-be predator knows that a snake which makes that iconic rattling sound should not be messed with. There are no endangered or threatened snake species in Idaho. However, timber rattlesnake bites are rare. If you're bitten by one it can be dangerous, but it's very rarely fatal. The venom will affect the prey and slow it down. During the winter, this rattlesnake will undergo brumation in a den with up to 60 other snakes. Your email address will not be published. Boyer warns against decapitating or … I hope that you find this website useful! He went limp, unable to move, foaming at the mouth, defecated, in about 5 mins. However, the venom also causes thrombocytopenia – a reduction of platelet numbers in the victim’s blood. Required fields are marked *. However, the timber rattlesnake is not a very aggressive species. The venom also works to begin digesting the prey before the snake has even swallowed it. On the whole, a timber rattlesnake is not a very aggressive animal. Different snake venoms have different effects on the human body. You and your dog may live in rattlesnake habitat, or perhaps you travel through or frequently visit places where rattlesnakes are found. Hemotoxic venom alters the body’s ability to coagulate blood. The timber rattlesnake is classified as an endangered species in 6 states and as a threatened species in 5 others. It is important to understand the dangers a timber rattlesnake presents. It mainly eats small animals, such as rabbits, squirrels, rats, and mice. are black with little or no pattern. While the reason for this is unknown, it is possible that there is a factor in the venom which the antivenom does not neutralize, allowing the thrombocytopenia to persist. Their namesake rattle is a highly effective warning sign, signaling predators to stay away. “These segments knock against each other to produce a buzzing sound whe… The best plan is to remove the food that mice and rats eat. That means it's illegal to kill one, or even handle it, unless like Winter you have a permit from the DNR. Younger snakes tend to have tapering rattles, and charts prepared by several researchers can help determine age. However, this snake is itself vulnerable to some diseases. Timber rattlesnakes are a state endangered species and protected by state law. Potent that it can also lead to difficulty breathing or cardiac arrest, is expensive snakes... Also the timber rattlesnake ’ s nervous system it so the snake will result in severe cases will cause bleeding! 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