a) Harappa. Exploration of the Sabarmati Valley in the mid-1950s led to the discovery of Lothal and several other Harappan sites, thereby adding a new province to the extent of the Indus civilization… – It is one of the newest site to be excavated. The trade of the Harappan Civilization was carried on along the coastline of the Arabian Sea. It flourished from around 2500 BC to 1750 BC. found in a warehouse close to the dockyard, scholars think that Lothal was a major trading centre of the Harappan civilization. Can you guess what happened to the Harappans? Lothal was originally the site for the lustrous Red Ware culture, associated with the post-Rigvedic Vedic civilization, and named for its mica-related pottery. It is now clear that the Harappan Civilization was the gift of two rivers, the Indus and the Saraswati, however the harappan sites are also located beyond the basins of Gajner, Sindh part of Baluchi hills and western Uttar Pradesh. About 80 years ago, archaeologists discovered the Harappan cities which were developed about 4700 years ago. Fire altars 5. Which of the following Harappan sites had a dockyard? b) Indus. Description of dockyard of Harappan civilization given below. Rajiv Nigam, ‘Was the large rectangular structure at Lothal (Harappan settlement) a ‘dockyard’ or an ‘irrigation tank’?,’ Marine Archeology of Indian Ocean Countries, 1988, pp. Nearly a hundred and fifty years ago. a) Lothal. The people of the indus valley civilization usually built their houses of The vast mounds at Harappa were first reported by Masson in 1826 and visited by Cunningham in 1853 and 1873. b) Lothal. Which of the following Indus Civilization site gives evidence of a dockyard? Region : Kadir Island in Gujarat (Rann of Kutch) Excavator : JP Joshi (1990) Important point – It was a large city spanned over 160 hectares. Houses were no longer as good as during the earlier period. Lothal, which means 'The City of Dead', is an old city dating back to the 4,400-year-old Harappan civilization and one of the few known ports on an ocean. Although Harappa was the first site to be discovered. Correct Option: C. The Indus Valley Civilization sites Lothal gives evidence of a dockyard. b) The inhabitants of Harappa had neither knowledge of copper nor bronze. Rice cultivation is associated with the Harappan site of [WBCS -2016] (A) Kalibangan (B) Lothal (C) Kot Diji (D) Ropar. Explanation: Lothal considered being one of the significant dockyard pf the Harappan civilization. 4. The present day Lothal in Gujarat hosts archaeological remains of a dockyard, warehouse, acropolis, lower town and well. Not only the Harappan cities were well-planned, but also they followed a level of standardization that no other ancient culture could achieve at that time. d) Ravi. Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has set up an excellent museum to present high living standards and prosperity of Lothal residents. In view of the fact that a large number of seals have been found in a warehouse close to the dockyard, scholars think that Lothal was a major trading centre of the Harappan civilization. Spanning an area 37 meters from east to west and nearly 22 meters from north to south, the dock connected the city to an ancient course of the Sabarmati river, which was the trade route between Harappan cities in Sindh and the Saurashtra peninsula. A naval dockyard shows the maritime activities of the Indus people. The Harappa Civilization suddenly declined around 3900 years ago. Vats at Mohenjo-daro and Harappa, and by N.G. The dockyard was located away from the main current to avoid deposition of silt. The most outstanding features of the Harappan civilization were the streets and side lanes equipped with drains system. outlier of the Harappan Civilization to have been thoroughly excavated, thus clearly demonstrating the vast extent of this civili- zation, but the claim that Lothal was a port settlement with direct trade relations with Mesopotamia has wide implications (Rao 1962 & 1963: 179). Lothal, also has revealed a huge dockyard for loading and unloading of goods. Evidence of rice husk . 4.Consider the following statements regarding the planning of streets of Harappan towns: I.The towns were well planned and the streets cut each other on the sixty degree angles. Banerji at Mohenjo-daro in Sind, by M.S. System town planning, drainage system, granary, dockyard, public bathing place, use of bricks, buildings, etc. Huge basin / dockyard to dock ships . 10. 2. ; It is one of the oldest and greatest civilizations of mankind. Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) and Answers on Harappa Question 1: The site of Harappa is located on the bank of river? The Indus civilization was originally called Harappan civilization after this site. Rectangular basin has been found at Lothal that was said to be the dockyard. Answer : (d) Question 2: Which one among the following cities was known for water management? … 20. Origin. This was the earliest known dock found in the world, … Some of the major Harappan sites are as follows: Harappa Harappa site is called the “city of granaries” and was excavated by Dayaram Sahani in 1921. Harappan Civilization, also known as Indus Valley Civilization, had flourished across the area of the North-Western part of the Indian subcontinent around 2500 BC. keyboard_arrow_left Previous. Evidences at Lothal provide existance of Harappa culture between 2450 BCE to 1600 BCE. Explanation: Lothal was the first dockyard in the world. It makes us aware of the religious, social, political, and economic aspects of that time. Harappa is 4700 years old city in the subcontinent, discovered in 1920. One of the following Indus Valley sites is in Pakistan : A. Lothal B. Kalibangan C. Alamgirpur D. Harappa. This was a dockyard where ships and boats used to come for loading and unloading of trading goods. when railway lines were being laid down for the first time in Punjab. civilization’ and ‘Harappan culture’ interchangeably. Their rediscovery some 60 years later led to the excavations between 1921 and 1934 under the direction of M S … After its discovery cities like Mohenjodaro, Lothal, Dholavira and Kalibangan have also been discovered and are known as the Harappan cities as were discovered after Harappa. The dockyard is located in eastern side of Lothal. Dholavira. Lothal was discovered by S. R. Rao in 1954. Lothal, which means 'The City of Dead', is an ancient city dating back to the 5000-year-old Harappan civilization and one of the few known ports on an ocean. Rao in 1945 A.D. Lothal was discovered by S.R. A huge dockyard has been discovered at Lothal. a) The standard Harappan seals were made of clay. It was called the entrance of Harappan civilization was located at present-day Gujarat. man and woman buried together. b) Mohenjodaro. The nuclear dates of the civilization appear to be about 2500–1700 bce, though the … Summary. 14 Harappan towns and cities showed extraordinary levels of standardization. c) Beas. are some of the most impressive achievements of the Harappan … a) Saraswati. Bead factory : 5. 3. Lothal the Dockyard site of the Indus Valley Civilization is Situated in Gujarat. Lothal location along the Bhogava river made it a port-town during that period. d) Mohenjodaro. AGE OF HARAPPAN CIVILISATION: Indus civilization, also called Indus valley civilization or Harappan civilization, the earliest known urban culture of the Indian subcontinent. The Great Bath of Indus Valley Civilization is found at; A. Harappa B. Mohenjodaro C. Ropar D. Kalibangan. c) Kalibangan. Indus valley civilization is one the oldest civilization in the world. Excavations from later period do not show remains of materials from distant places. The plight of Harappa. Modern oceanographers have observed that the Harappans must have possessed great knowledge relating to tides in order to build such a dock on the ever-shifting course of the Sabarmati, as well as exempl aryhydrography and maritime engineering. Which of the following statements regarding Harappan Civilization is correct? 1. By Earth is Mysterious March 3, 2020 HARAPPAN/INDUS CIVILIZATION QUESTIONS and Answers exams contains the questions from various competitive exams.These questions are the part of previous year paper.These kind of questions would be helpful in preparing for exams like IAS, PCS, UPSC, NDA, CDS SSC, RRB, PSC, IBPS : Exam Type: MASTER EXAM: Authenticity: 9989: creator: Anirudh(39306) Create Question PDF Start Exam. Lothal was a major trading center of the Harappan civilization. By 1800 BCE, the Harappan culture had started declining. The Period of Indus valley civilization was 2500 B.C to 1500 B.C. A vital and thriving trade centre of Indus Valley civilization, Lothal had the world’s earliest known dockyard. Lothal is a part of Indus valley civilization, and one of the major port of the ancient India of 4000 BC, It was a vital and thriving trade center, with trades beads, gems and valuable ornaments reaching the far corners of West Asia and Egypt. The dockyard is located in eastern side of Lothal. We’re going to learn about one of the port cities from renowned Indus Valley Civilization. This shows that the trade from the outside world had stopped. 1.4 The Indus valley civilization is a discovery of the twentieth century, a result of archeological excavations, begun by Daya Ram Sahni at Harappa, by R.D. ... A marked feature of this ancient civilization was the vivid imagination and artistic sensibilities exuded by the numerous sculptures, seals, potteries, jewelleries found at the excavation sites. While the great cities of Mohenjo-daro and Harappa were discovered by Sir John Marshall in the 1920s, it is astonishing that it would be 40 years before another significant Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) site – Lothal – would be found. 20-21 It stands as a proof for their maritime trade. Streets and Drains. 18. consisting of a large “Dock, wharf and Warehouse” built with burnt bricks. Evidence of rice found in Lothal and Rongpur both are located in Gujarat. Civilization provides us much information about ancient India and its people. Mohenjo-daro is the largest site and Allahdino is the smallest site of Indus civilization. the harappan civilization was discovered in the year Lothal is a site where dockyard of which of the following civilization were found? Nearly all the cities that are discovered were constructed in a similar pattern. Question 5. Lothal was a manufacturing hub and a major export port of the ancient Indus Valley civilization. Lothal – A well planned Harappan Port town in the history of India . Evidence of double burial i.e. Introduction to Harappan Civilization. People of the city were no longer prosperous. Harappa is known to be a 4700 years old city in the subcontinent which was discovered around the time 1920. Which one of the following Indus Valley Civilization sites gives evidence of a stadium? Show Answer 13. 19. Broken roads and clogged drains indicate towards a decline in infrastructure. A. Harappa B. Mohenjodaro C. Lothal D. Alamgirpur. 17.
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