Commanders and planners lacked any understanding of the vast numbers of technicians required to support a modern army. The Japanese government knew this, but had gambled on a short war and had badly underestimated the Allied response to their aggression. https://www.historynet.com/japans-fatally-flawed-air-forces-in-world-war-ii-2.htm Aviation fuel existed in sufficient quantities throughout the Japanese military into mid-1944. In the only two invasions of the United States during the war, a small Japanese force occupied the islands of Attu and Kiska, where … Half the aircraft of the 23rd Air Flotilla lost in the first three months of the war were casualties of crackups on bad runways — partially due to weak landing gear and poor brakes, but mainly from bad terrain. Yokota Air Base is one of the US military bases set up on the territory of Japan after World War II. They therefore failed to understand the strategic value of taking out supply lines, giving the Allies an edge. Finally, they didn’t have an effective training program for pilots. “We were told to rush men through,” Sakai said, “to forget the fine points, just teach them how to fly and shoot.”. Ground crews became nervous and irritable from lack of sleep. Japanese navy tables of organization and equipment specified that each air unit was to have extra aircraft in its organization equal to one-third the operational complement. 4. Veteran instructors, including others on permanent limited duty and those recovering from wounds, began to leave their training duties to rejoin combat units. The navy reduced support of homeland air bases to a minimum, so as to reinforce forward bases. A6M2 Zeroes of the Japanese Navy Air Force (JNAF) were involved in the surprise attach on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941. Mechanics pulled maintenance on baking hot fields in direct tropical sunlight, for there were no hangars. Because the army and navy did not cooperate, army aircraft on New Guinea had to fly 1,500 miles to Manila for engine changes even though the navy had major maintenance assets as close as Rabaul. Guard forces or Keibitai: detachments of 200–50… "Ki" should be read as one word. Another 30 percent of the flotilla’s aircraft wore out and had to be scrapped. But as Commander Masatake Okumiya charged, “The Pacific War was started by men who did not understand the sea, and fought by men who did not understand the air.” He might well have added that the war was planned by men who did not understand industry, manpower and logistics. Plentiful quantities of fuel and spare parts were available. Absent such construction units, the air force would have to use captured bases. GI JOE WWII JAPANESE ARMY AIR FORCE OFFICER New & Used (5) from $49.99 + $5.49 Shipping. Picks, shovels, manpower and horsepower provided the backbone of Japanese engineering activities. Director: Boris Sagal | Stars: Christopher George, Laraine Stephens, J.D. As early as late 1943, however, commanders began teaching pilots how to conserve fuel. The army’s main aircraft repair base at Halmahera, 1,000 miles from the front lines, never functioned adequately because it lacked equipment and mechanics. The rise and fall of the Japanese Empire during WWII is a deeply captivating but also frightening piece of history of the 20th century. Identifying, segregating and issuing the multitude of parts on a timely basis to the correct user was beyond their ability. From the total of 51 divisions in China and Manchuria only 11 were available in December 1941.. A writer for the Smithsonian, Tagaya’s father was an officer in the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN), so he should know. “When we compare [our] clumsy result with what our enemy accomplished,” recalled Commander Chihaya, “building huge airfields in good numbers with inconceivable speed, we ceased to wonder why we were utterly beaten. A writer for the Smithsonian, Tagaya’s father was an officer in the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN), so he should know. The Army saw the Soviet Union as its enemy, while the Navy looked to the US. Mechanics buried tools in no discernable pattern. Japanese officers who could see the big picture had no solution. There were no laundry facilities, and men washed themselves in rivers, or under water-filled cans. The result was a schism that drained the country’s limited resources and overly-extended industrial capacities. The Fourth Air Army’s heavy equipment for engine changes and major structural repair on New Guinea, for instance, was poor. Worse, the vast majority of prewar and even 1942-43 veterans were dead or wounded, and their replacements had none of the veterans’ experience. What both lacked, however, was the superior manpower, greater industrial capacities, and vast resources that the US and Britain had. Nakajima Ki-44 中島 キ44 二式単座戦闘機 鍾馗(Type 2 Single seat Fighter "Shōki"?) Japan’s army had developed its air forces for continental warfare with the Soviets. At about the same time the Japanese attacked the Philippines, Hong Kong and the Dutch East Indies. Even so, by 1944 a growing shortage of spare parts for the older aircraft began to ground fighters and bombers. 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